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Python Object Oriented Programming (OOPs)

Python Object Oriented Programming (OOPs)

Python is a multi-paradigm programming language. It supports different programming approaches. Python is also an object-oriented programming language.

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Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which can contain data and code that manipulates that data. In Python, classes are used to define the structure of an object, and objects are instances of a class.

Classes in Python define the structure of an object by specifying the data (attributes) and methods (functions) that the object should have. Classes can also be inherited from other classes, allowing new classes to be created that have the same attributes and methods as the parent class, but with additional functionality.

In Python, the syntax for defining a class is as follows:

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class ClassName:

    def __init__(self, attribute1, attribute2):

        self.attribute1 = attribute1

        self.attribute2 = attribute2

    def method1(self):

        # code for method1

        def method2(self):

        # code for method2

The __init__ method is a special method that is called when an object is created, and is used to set the initial values of the object's attributes.

An object can be created by calling the class name as a function and passing in any required arguments:

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object = ClassName(attribute1, attribute2)

Methods can be called on an object using the dot notation:

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object.method1()

and attributes can be accessed using the dot notation:

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print(object.attribute1)

Python's OOP features also include polymorphism, encapsulation, and abstraction.