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70+ JavaScript Challenges: Data Structures & Algorithms

JavaScript is a versatile programming language known for its use in web development. While it's often associated with building interactive websites and web applications, it also has a significant role to play in data structures and algorithms. Understanding these fundamental concepts is crucial for any programmer, as they form the backbone of problem-solving in computer science.

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In this article, we'll explore 70+ JavaScript challenges focused on data structures and algorithms. These challenges are designed to help you sharpen your problem-solving skills, deepen your understanding of JavaScript, and prepare you for technical interviews and real-world programming tasks.

Section 1: Introduction to Data Structures

  • Arrays vs. Linked Lists: Understand the differences between arrays and linked lists and when to use each.
  • Stacks and Queues: Implement these essential data structures and explore their applications.
  • Hash Tables: Learn how to create a simple hash table and solve problems involving key-value pairs.
  • Trees and Graphs: Explore the concepts of binary trees, binary search trees, and graph traversal.

Section 2: Algorithms

  • Search Algorithms: Implement linear and binary search algorithms and analyze their time complexities.
  • Sorting Algorithms: Implement popular sorting algorithms like bubble sort, insertion sort, and quicksort.
  • Recursion: Understand the concept of recursion and solve problems using recursive techniques.
  • Dynamic Programming: Explore dynamic programming concepts and solve knapsack and Fibonacci sequence problems.

Section 3: Data Structures & Algorithms Challenges

  • Now, let's dive into the heart of this article – a compilation of JavaScript challenges that encompass various aspects of data structures and algorithms.
  • Arrays and Linked Lists Challenges
  • Reverse an Array: Write a function to reverse an array in place.
  • Find the Missing Number: Given an array containing n distinct numbers taken from 0, 1, 2, ..., n, find the missing number.
  • Remove Duplicates: Remove duplicate elements from an array.
  • Detect a Cycle in a Linked List: Determine if a linked list has a cycle.

Stacks and Queues Challenges

  • Implement a Stack: Create a stack data structure and its associated methods.
  • Implement a Queue: Create a queue data structure and its associated methods.
  • Evaluate Postfix Expressions: Implement a function to evaluate postfix expressions.
  • Next Greater Element: Find the next greater element for each element in an array.

Hash Tables Challenges

  • Implement a Hash Table: Build a basic hash table and handle collisions.
  • Anagrams: Check if two strings are anagrams of each other.
  • First Non-Repeating Character: Find the first non-repeating character in a string.
  • Group Anagrams: Group anagrams from a list of strings.

Trees and Graphs Challenges

  • Binary Tree Traversals: Implement in-order, pre-order, and post-order traversals of a binary tree.
  • Binary Search Tree Operations: Perform operations like insertion, deletion, and searching in a binary search tree.
  • Graph Traversals: Implement depth-first search (DFS) and breadth-first search (BFS) on a graph.
  • Shortest Path Algorithms: Implement Dijkstra's and Bellman-Ford algorithms to find the shortest path in a weighted graph.

Search Algorithms Challenges

  • Linear Search: Find the index of a given element using linear search.
  • Binary Search: Implement binary search on a sorted array.
  • Exponential Search: Use exponential search to find an element in a sorted, unbounded array.
  • Interpolation Search: Implement interpolation search on a sorted array.

Sorting Algorithms Challenges

  • Merge Sort: Implement the merge sort algorithm.
  • Heap Sort: Implement the heap sort algorithm.
  • Counting Sort: Implement the counting sort algorithm for integers.
  • Radix Sort: Sort an array of integers using radix sort.

Recursion Challenges

  • Factorial: Find the factorial of a number using recursion.
  • Fibonacci Series: Generate Fibonacci series using recursion.
  • Tower of Hanoi: Solve the Tower of Hanoi puzzle using recursion.
  • Recursive Backtracking: Implement recursive backtracking for problems like the N-Queens puzzle and Sudoku.

Dynamic Programming Challenges

  • Fibonacci Sequence: Solve the Fibonacci sequence problem using dynamic programming.
  • 0/1 Knapsack Problem: Find the maximum value of items that can be accommodated in a knapsack of a fixed capacity.
  • Longest Common Subsequence: Find the longest common subsequence between two strings.
  • Coin Change Problem: Determine the number of ways to make change for a given amount using a set of coins.


In this article, we've covered an extensive list of JavaScript challenges focused on data structures and algorithms. These challenges are designed to help you enhance your programming skills, gain confidence in problem-solving, and prepare for technical interviews or real-world coding tasks.

As you work through these challenges, you'll not only become a better JavaScript developer but also build a solid foundation in computer science fundamentals. Remember that practice is key, so don't hesitate to revisit these challenges and explore more complex problems as you continue your coding journey. Happy coding!